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Top Archaeological sites in Serbia

In modern day Serbia numerous archaeological sites can be found. That is not a surprise, when we take a closer look to the history. Those sites reveal amazing facts and soon it starts to be clear that this land was once home of ancient civilizations, the birthplace of 15 Roman emperors, and even the location of the capital of Eastern Roman Empire for some time. Here is our list of top archaeological sites you shouldn't miss if visiting Serbia.
1

Lepenski Vir

One of the most important archaeological sites in Serbia and Europe is located on a terrace by the Danube, in the Djerdap Gorge. Archaeological excavations in the 1960s uncovered valuable findings, sacred architecture and monumental sculptures from 7000 to 6000 BC which changed the global notion of the beginnings of civilization. Personal response depends on the viewer's thoughts and values individually. Beneath layers of settlements of early farmers and cattle breeders from the period 5300–4800 BC, seven layers of successive settlements of hunters, fishermen and gatherers were discovered, built upon one another. Lepenski Vir stands out upon the map of prehistoric Europe: for its methodically planned architecture and for its diverse sculptures. In the latter, the site has suddenly assumed an importance for which the epithet 'unique' might be acceptable. 'Lepenski Vir art' enters the world's art-history substantially in its own right and without convincing parentage. How to get there?

Adopted from: " New Discovery at Lepenski Vir" by Dragoslav Srejovich and Official website of National Park Djerdap.
2

Vincha "White hill"

is located in Vincha, suburb of Belgrade. The tell of Vincha archaeological site is almost entirely made up of the remains of human settlement, and was occupied several times from the Early Neolithic (5700 BCE) through to the Medieval period. The most substantial archaeological deposits are from the Neolithic - Eneolithic Vincha culture, of which Vincha-White hill is the type site. The first archaeological excavations at Vincha were carried out by prominent Serbian archaeologist Miloje Vasic starting in 1908. Even though a large part of the site has been excavated, the exploration isn't even close to being finished. The world hasn't heard yet of all its secrets. The archaeological site revealed different kinds of tools and weapons made of stone and bones, pottery, ritual vases, jewelry, numerous anthropomorphic and zoomorphic figurines, the remains of prehistoric houses and many other objects created here or brought from remote areas. Vincha, once the center of a great civilization, today is one of the most significant archaeological sites in Serbia visited by numerous tourists each year. It can be reached by the bus no. 307 from Belgrade.

3

Viminacium

The remains of Viminacium, the capital of the Roman province of Moesia Superior, are located on territories of the villages of Stari Kostolac and Drmno, about 12 km from the town of Kostolac, Serbia. It was one of the most important Roman cities and military camps in the period from 1st to 4th centuries. Viminacium is the location of the first archaeological excavation in Serbia, which started in 1882, by Mihailo Valtrovic, an architect by profession and the first professor of archaeology at the college in Belgrade. The National Museum in Belgrade and Pozarevac have 40,000 items found in Viminacium, of which over 700 are made of gold and silver. Excavation revealed million year old mammoth skeleton, Roman graveyard from 2nd and 3rd centuries AD with extremely valuable pieces of fine jewelry, remarkable find of a 35 centimetre jade sculpture etc.
4

Gamzigrad

In the vicinity of Gamzigrad, located south of the Danube river, near the city of Zajecar, lie the ruins of a huge Roman complex called Felix Romuliana, one of the most important late Roman sites in Europe and UNESCO World Heritage Site of Serbia. It is an ancient Roman complex of palaces and temples Felix Romuliana, built by Emperor Galerius. This grandiose imperial complex, fortified with walls and 20 defensive towers is richly decorated with frescoes, mosaics displaying figural and geometric motifs, and decorations of great historical and artistic value. The palace is the example of the unique Roman court architecture and it is its best representative. Gamzigrad is one of Serbia's most magnificent monuments you can set your eyes on.
5

Sirmium

Remains of Sirmium stand on the site of the modern-day Sremska Mitrovica. It was a city in the Roman province of Pannonia, first mentioned in the 4th century BC. In 294 AD, Sirmium was proclaimed one of four capitals of the Roman Empire. Even ten Roman emperors were born in this city or in its surroundings. The site is protected as an Archaeological Site of Exceptional Importance. Excavation in Sirmium has revealed, in addition to the imperial palace and adjacent circus, a number of other monumental public buildings, including the so-called Licinian Baths, a granary (horreum) and commercial and industrial areas. Luxuriously appointed urban residences have been discovered, as well as multi-storied apartment buildings (insulae) where the poorer elements of the population lived.
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